New Mapoon is in an area south of Seisia and west of Bamaga at the tip of Cape York Peninsula adjoining the Lockerbie Scrub in the north of Queensland in an area commonly referred to as the Northern Peninsula Area or NPA.
At the 2011 census, New Mapoon had a population of 289 people with 269 identifying as Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander.
New Mapoon was formed when the people of Mapoon, near Weipa, were forcibly relocated by the Department of Native Affairs in the early 1960s. Their homes, school, church and other buildings were pulled down and the people were moved to their present site. Some of the displaced people went to Normanton, Cairns and Weipa.
The township of New Mapoon has strong links to its traditional homeland. The community of Mapoon has re-established in the Weipa area and many families visit regularly.